深海: “三八妇女节”中的“妇女”一词并非特指“已婚女子”,更与文化程度无关

用户评分: 0 / 5

不活动星星不活动星星不活动星星不活动星星不活动星星
 

今天是“三八妇女节”,又称“妇女节”。

 

一些人把“妇女节”,改名叫做“女人节”、“女生节”、“女子节”……

 

为什么改名,据说,一个原因是,“妇女”在一些现代人的认为中,多有女性文化偏低,年龄偏大之意。现代女性,特别是年轻的知识女性,不喜欢甚至排斥称为“妇女”。还有一个原因是,有些人认为,“妇女”一词特指“已婚女子”。“已婚女子”较之“未婚女子”,还是年龄偏大。过“已婚女子”的“妇女节”,“未婚女子”也会变老……

 

那么,“妇女节”到底是一个什么节日呢?

 

根据《现代汉语词典》的解释,三八妇女节是“国际妇女斗争的纪念日。1909年3月8日,美国芝加哥女工因要求男女平等权利而举行示威,次年8月在丹麦哥本哈根召开的国际第二次社会主义者妇女大会上决定,为了促进国际劳动妇女的团结和解放,以每年3月8日为妇女节。也叫国际妇女节。”

 

其中“妇女”一词是“成年女子的统称”。

 

《维基百科》中三八妇女节的解释是:“International Women's Day (IWD), originally called International Working Women's Day, is celebrated on March 8 every year.[2] It commemorates the struggle for women's rights.

The earliest Women's Day observance was held on February 28, 1909, in New York and organized by the Socialist Party of America. On March 8, 1917, in the capital of Russian Empire, Petrograd, a demonstration of women textile workers began, covering the whole city. This was the beginning of the Russian Revolution.[4] Seven days later, the Emperor of Russia Nicholas II abdicated and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote.[3] March 8 was declared a national holiday in the Soviet Russia in 1917. The day was predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries until it was adopted in 1975 by the United Nations.”

 

《维基百科》对woman一词的解释是:A woman is a female human; that is, of the species Homo sapiens. The term woman is usually reserved for an adult, with the term girl being the usual term for a female child or adolescent. The term woman is also sometimes used to identify a female human, regardless of age, as in phrases such as "women's rights". "Woman" may also refer to a person's gender identity. Women with typical genetic development are usually capable of giving birth from puberty until menopause.

 

“妇女”在中国古文中也有“泛指妇女,常指成年女子”之意。

 

从上面的解释看,古今中外,“三八妇女节”中的“妇女”一词都有“成年女子的统称”之意。

 

看来,我们的前辈们,在设立这个节日时,不仅立意高远,用心良苦,态度认真,而且,他们对“妇女节”的命名是无可挑剔的。仅在对“妇女节”命名这一事情上,他们高超的语文素养就可见一斑了。

 

不知道,“文化偏低,年龄偏大”的妇女有什么可怕,但一些“文化不偏低,年龄不偏大”的女子或女人有时倒是有些让人担心了,比如她们对“妇女节”名字的看法。

 

海之子网站。

消息订阅

留下邮件 ,订阅消息。